Election system in India
Every democratic Country conduct an election according to their Constitution at a respective time period. The countries have two or many party system conduct election. And the country has a two-party system to conduct election don’t have any meaning. Because there is one option for their people. Now first we will discuss the Indian system of election than other election systems in the world
Plularity system(election system in India)
Under the Plularity system, the principle is “fast past the post”. It means the candidate will win who get the larger number of vote from other candidates. It is not necessary to score the absolute majority. Just candidate has to score more than other candidates. Or score only simple majority. This system applies in every general election. The absolute majority system practice in the British house of commons, American house of representative, Indian parliament and legislative Assembly of each Indian sector.
if we take A, B, C, D as the 4 candidates in an election. If in election A gets 24%, B gets 21%, C gets 30%, and D gets the rest of the vote means 25%. According to the Indian election system c win the election besides that 70% of people are against the C.
Real-life example (election system in India)-
example-after the death of Indira Gandhi the next election in 1984 congress won the election and won 404 seat means 91% of the whole seat. So it means 91% of people vote for the Indian National Congress. But it is not true. Only 48% vote for congress means a party or a candidate has to score more than other candidates and declared a winner.
Other -ve points(election system in India)-
The fast past the post system or simple majority system doesn’t seem to fair for minorities. As the minority candidate lose their election in a very simple margin.
So these are the -ve point of first past the post system.
Other election systems in the world.
This system is divided into two-part and they are-
Alternative vote(Indian Rajya sabha election/ Election system in India)
A voter required to vote and indicate his order of preference of the candidate. If on one here the absolute majority for the fast preference vote. The candidate score least number vote is eliminated and his vote added to the 2nd preference of the candidate. This process continues till they will not get the absolute majority. This system applies in America, Australia and Indian Rajya sabha election.
Second ballot system-
Under this system voter vote for only one candidate. If in the first election on one get the absolute majority, then the second ballot decides the winner.
Under this system, voters vote for their country or a constituency. And the parties get seat according to the protection of vote get by the parties in the election. It is the best system to secure the representation of minority and majority too. There are two types of protection representation.
Under this system, political parties prepared a candidate list for the whole country. And the voter marks only one list. After the election, the parties will get the seat with respect to the proportion of vote gain in the election. This system is the practice in a national election in Germany, the election of the Italian Chamber of Deputies, the Knesset of Israel, the Swiss National Council and the legislature of Finland.
Single transferable vote-
According to the Constituency under this system, all country divided into some constituencies and the parties prepared their candidate list. Voter vote for their respective constituency. The parties get a seat in a constituency according to the proportion of vote gain in the election.
This is all about the election system of India and as well as the world election system. If you have any type of question or feedback related to the topic please comment bellow