the history of the basic principle and need of the fundamental duties of India
1- If our country provides some fundamental right, our country also wants some fundamental duties from its citizens. The fundamental right and duties are correlated with each other.
2- In our country, fundamental duties are not mandatory.
3- The funder of our, Constitution didn’t feel that the fundamental duties are necessary for the citizen of India.
4- We have added 10 fundamental duties through the 42nd amendment act of 1976 and the 11th(last) fundamental duty is used through the 86th amendment act of 2002.
5- We take the fundamental duties from the Constitution of the USSR. And Japanese Constitution have also fundamental duties,
6- The fundamental duties are a moral obligation, create the patriotism feeling in the citizens and support the hormone of the nation
7- The fundamental duties are not legally enforceable, they are morally obligated.
8- If we break the fundamental duties then we can not prosecute by the law. So there is no law of punishment if we not want to obey the fundamental duties expect some cases. E.g if we do not respect our national flag then we will be punished by our law.
9- Article 51A of our, Constitution describes the fundamental duties.
What are the fundamental duties of India are-
according to Article 51A, it shall be the duty
a) to abide by the Constitution and respect its and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem;
b) to cherish and follow the noble ideals that inspired the national struggle for
(c) to uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India;
(d) to defend the country and render national service when called upon to
(e) to promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transcending religious, linguistic and regional or sectional diversities and to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women;
(f) to value and preserve the rich heritage of the country’s composite culture;
(g) to protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wildlife and to have compassion for living creatures;
(h) to develop scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform;
(i) to safeguard public property and to abjure violence;
(j) to strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavour and achievement; and
(k) to provide opportunities for education to his child or ward between the age of six and fourteen years. This duty was added by the 86th Constitutional Amendment Act, 2002.
the reason behind the fundamental duties of India impose
Swaransing committee(fundamental duties of India )
In 1976 after the internal emergency (1975-77) the govt. Wants to impose the fundamentals duties to improve the patriotism among the citizens of India. In 1976 the congress govt. set up a Sardar swaran shing committee to make a recommendation about the fundamental duties. The committee recommended the inclusion of a separate chapter in the Indian constitution. It focuses on the citizen should conscious that they enjoy the fundamental right by the constitution and have to perform certain fundamental duties.
The congress govt. accepted the recommendation of the committee and enact the 42nd constitutional amendment act in 1976. This amendment added a new part to our constitution namely IVA. This new part consists of only one article that is article 51A. 51A described the first 10 fundamental duties in 1976 and 11th added in the 86th constitutional amendment act in 2002.
In that time congress govt. declared that the non-incursion of fundamental duties in the constitution was a historical mistake by the constitutional assembly. And the mistake had been correct by the congress govt. in 1976. Some recommendation of swaran shing committee did not accept by congress.
Source-M. Laxmikant’s Indian polity
fundamental duties, fundamental duties in India, fundamental duties and rights,