Human Disease And Health(Common Disease)

Common Human Disease And Health

we will discuss 10 common disease, their reason and symptoms in the blog

1-Diabetes Mellitus

It is a disease caused due to a blood glucose level increase in the body. It is of two types.

Type-1:- Diabetes:- It is a chronic condition in the body in which the beta cell of the pancreas produces little or no insulin. It is a genetic disease, that a person suffers by this disease during childhood.

Type-2:-Diabetes:- This disease comes at a definite age of life that is after 30 or 40. In this disease insulin secreted by beta cell stop functioning so blood glucose level increases.

Why We need insulin

When we eat food it may be carbohydrate-protein or lipid, it converts into glucose after digestion. When blood glucose increases beta cell of pancreas release insulin which maintain the blood glucose label. Insulin converts the glucose into glycogen end store it in the liver. But in the time of physical exercise, when the body needs glucose liver breaks down glycogen to glucose with the help of a hormone called Glucagon, which released by the alpha cell of the pancreas. If insulin stop functioning then the glucose label in the blood increases this condition is called diabetes. We can major it by glucometer or by glycated haemoglobin test.

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Symptoms:-

*Increase thirst

*Frequent urination

*Hunger

* Fatigue and blurred vision.

*Unexplained weight loss

* Slow healing wound because body secretes less amount of collagen.

Excess sugar can injure the walls of the tiny blood vessels that are capillaries that nourish nerves, and especially in the legs. This can cause tingling numbness burning or pain that usually begins at the tip of the toes or fingers and gradually spreads upward. In diabetes artery wall becomes thick and due to this blood can’t pass easily in this narrow path and blood can’t reach sufficiently in organs.

If blood deficient in the brain then it’s neuropathy, if deficient in the kidney then it is nephropathy, if deficient in the eye then it is retinopathy. In diabetes infection increase in the body, because when bacteria attack the human body it finds glucose which is its food and it remains in the human body and starts to increase the number by reproduction, due to low immunity power body can’t destroy them which cause severe infection and patient died at last. So people who suffer from diabetics should exercise daily.

2-Diabetics Insipidus(Human Disease And Health)

Diabetes Insipidus is not related to diabetes mellitus though it has a similar name. In this disease pituitary gland of the brain which is also called the master gland start secreting less amount ADH or Antidiuretic hormone, it is also known as vasopressin, which prevents dehydration. As a result, kidney remove too much fluid from the body and frequent urination and rapid thirst occurs in this disease.

3-Anthrax(Human Disease And Health)

human-disease-health-anthracis

Anthrax is an infection by bacteria named Bacillus anthracis. These bacteria mainly attack animals. A human can infect through direct or indirect contact with sick animals. Anthrax causes skin, lung and bowel disease and can be very deadly. Now, these bacteria have used in a bioterrorist attack.

4-Chicken Pox(Human Disease And Health)

It is a viral disease and the name of the virus is varicella-zoster virus. This disease first comes from centripetal distribution in the body. It is a contagious disease, so we should not go to the person who suffers from this disease.

Symptom:-

Malaise, Low-grade fever followed by rashes starting on face and trunk spread to the rest body. It appears once in a lifetime, very little chance to come for the second time in life. This virus stays in latent form and re-infection again which is called Shingles.

5-Measles

It is a viral disease and highly contagious. The virus replicates in the nose and throat of an infected child and to an adult. When someone with measles cough, sneeze or talk, infected droplets spread into the air, other people can inhale them.

human-disease-health

Symptoms(Human Disease And Health)

*Fever

* Red inflamed eye

*Running nose

*Hacking cough and sore throat

6-AIDS

AIDS is Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome caused by the virus HIV or Human Immunodeficiency Virus. The virus attacks the immune system in the body. It damages the helper T cell in WBC, which gives us immunity power against disease, so people affected by AIDS died from other diseases as our body’s immunity power finished.

Symptoms(Human Disease And Health)

*Fatigue

*Fever

* Core throat

*rash

*Diarrhoea

*Splenomegaly

How it spreads:-

  • Sexual intercourse with an infected person.
  • Infected mother to baby during pregnancy.
  • Taking blood from unsterilized needles.

 

7-Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis is a bacterial disease caused by bacteria named Mycobacterium tuberculosis. These diseases live in our body in the chronic carrier when immunity power low in the body this disease attack. This disease spread from one disease to another through tiny droplets released into the air via cough and sneeze.

Symptoms(Human Disease And Health)

  • Night sweat
  • Persistent cough
  • Bloody phlegm
  • Chest pain or shortness of breath

a vaccine named BCG or BacilleCalmeete Guerin gives in the time of birth to fight against this disease.

8-Dengue

Dengue is a viral disease, it transmit by the bite of an AedesAegypti mosquito infected with a dengue virus. In this disease platelets in the blood decreases which cause death.

Symptoms:-

  • High fever
  • Severe Headaches
  • Pain behind the eye
  • Severe joint and muscle pain
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Skin rash appears two to five days after infection.
  • This disease can cause serious bleeding, a sudden drop in blood pressure which causes death.

No medicine is discovered for this disease. We can cure it by the symptoms medicine like when platelets destroy, we eat the medicine or food that gives us platelets, fever or cold medicines, etc.

9-Malaria

Malaria caused by plasmodium parasites, which are carried by female anopheles mosquitoes. Four kinds of malaria parasites infect human these are plasmodium falciparum, P. Vivax, P. ovale and P.malariae. These mosquitoes may bite in the evening and at midnight. When the parasite enters into faecalordy , they travel to the liver and multiply there. They invade RBC which carry oxygen. The parasites get inside them lay eggs and multiply until the red blood cell bursts.

anopheles mosquito

Symptoms:-

  • Headache
  • High fiver
  • Fatigue
  • Chills
  • Sweating
  • Vomiting

Nowadays very good treatment available to cure this disease. This disease found a large amount in Odisha.

10-Polio

polio-human-dieses

It is a viral disease caused by virus Poliomyelitis, Which largely affect children under 5 year of age. This virus transmits goodbye person to person mainly through faecalralroute or through contaminated water or food and multiplies in the intestine. It can invade the nervous system which causes paralysis in the leg. Salk vaccine has given people to fight against Poliovirus. Two drops every year up to 5years children can save from this disease.

 

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