- Nobel prize winners in India- Swedish and Norway give the noble prize by the name of the great scientist Sir Alfred Nobel on his death anniversary 10th December every year
History of Nobel Prize
On 27th November 1895, Sir Alfred Nobel signed his last will and give a large part of his property to the future humans in the field of physical chemistry, Physiology, Medicine, peace and literature. According to his will, the Nobel Prize started in 1901 in the field of Chemistry, Physics, medicine, peace and literature. In 1968 Sveriges Riksbank, Sweden’s central bank on its 300th anniversary announced to give the Nobel Prize in the economy. So in 1969, a new Nobel prize was introduced in the economy.
A short history of Sir Alfred Nobel
Sir Alfred Nobel born in Stockholm the capital of Sweden on 21st October 1833. He was the 4th child of his parents. When noble was four years old his father got a new job in St. Petersburg Russia in the field of manufacturing. After that, he moved to St. Petersburg Russia and the family followed him. He completed his master degree in chemistry. He knew various languages like English, French, German and Russian, and his native language Swedish. For getting a master degree in chemistry he started experiments in various field of chemistry.
His family is related to gun powder production and manufacturing. when he was just 17 years old in 1850 he Moved to you United States for further studies for two years. After that, he moved to Paris. In Paris, he Inspired by two scientists. The first scientist is the chemist Nikolai Zinin. The second scientist who was inspired the Alfred Nobel most was Ascanio Sobrero. The scientist Ascanio Sobrero was discovered nitroglycerin three years.
In between his whole life, his main discovery was dynamite. after the discovery people called him a merchant of death. After knowing that people’s image about Alfred Nobel. Alfred noble realize that his greatest discovery was a great mistake of his life. His discovery created a negative image of Alfred Nobel in society.
After that incident, he worked the rest of his life To create or repair his image in society into a positive image. So in 1985 he signed his last Will and gave a great Share of his whole property to the upcoming winners in the various field. And his will now represent a noble prize based on the name of Alfred Nobel.
Institute which selected the winners
- Karolinska institute selectees the Nobel Prize in Physiology and medicine
- Swedish Academy selectees the winner in literature
- Royal Swedish Academy selectees the winner In literature chemistry physics and economy
- Norwegian committee decided the winner in Peace Prize
Why Norway give the Nobel Prize in Peace
When Sir Alfred noble signed his will for the Nobel Prize the Norway and Sweden are united under one monarch. After the division of 2 countries, Norway gives the Peace Prize and Swedish gives the rest of the Nobel prize.
When and where Nobel Prize ceremony is observed
On every death anniversary of Sir Alfred Nobel 10th December Nobel Prize ceremony is observed in Stokholm capital of Sweden and Oslo the capital of Norway.
Why Nobel Prize winner called as Nobel laureate
Nobel Prize winner is known as Nobel laureate. It is related to their Greek mythology. According to their mythology, God Apollo is represented by wearing a laurel wreath on his head. In ancient time, a laurel wreath gifted to the winners as a sign of glory and honour both in athletic competition and in a poetic meet. From that time a tradition continued and we call Nobel Prize winners noble laureate.
Nobel Prize Winners In India
He got the Nobel Prize in the field of literature in 1913 for his book Gitanjali In the Bengali language. He wrote the national anthem of India and Bangladesh. he is the only person in the world who wrote the national anthem for 2 countries. Rabindranath Tagore was also known as an Indian national poet.
He won the Nobel Prize in 1930 in the field of physics for his discovery of the Raman effect. it is also known as the scattering of light. He discovered the phenomena of scattering of light through any two medium
Mother Theresa got the Nobel Prize in 1969 in the field of peace. She born in Macedonia but when he got the Nobel Prize she was a citizen of India. She dedicated her life to serving mankind. So she got the Nobel Prize in the field of peace.
He got the Nobel Prize in the field of peace in 2014. He started an organization named Bachpan Bachao Andolan. According to a survey Kailash satyarthi saved at least 70,000 children from child labour. He worked to save the childhood life of a child. So for his work, he got the Nobel Prize in the field of peace
Nobel Prize won by Indian resident
Roland rose in 1901
He got the Nobel Prize in the field of Physiology in 1901 for malaria research. He proved that malaria is not spread in the air and water. it spread by mosquito. He also proved that the reason for malaria is a parasite named Plasmodium. The female anopheles mosquito body content the plasmodium when he bites a healthy man after biting a malaria patient the plasmodium inject into the healthy body and Create the malaria disease. He worked in India when he got the Nobel Prize he was a resident of India.
Rudyard Krippling in 1907
He got the Nobel Prize in the field of literature in 1907 for his book Jungle Book. He wrote an adventure book based on a boy named manager who accidentally lost in the jungle And rescue by the jungle animals. He got the idea of Jungle Book from the Pench National Park in Madhya Pradesh. he also completely wrote the book the Pench National Park. So he got the Nobel Prize in the field of literature and when he got the Nobel Prize he was a resident of India.
Tenzing Gyatso In 2009
We also know him as the 14th Dalai Lama of Tibet. He got the Nobel prize in 2009 in the field of peace. He is a refugee of India from Tibet in 1959. When China captured Tibet the 14th Dalai Lama move to India as a Tibet refugee.
Novel prize winners are born in India but they are not a citizen of India
In this part we will discuss all the winners who were born in India what when they got the Nobel Prize They were a citizen of other countries.
Doctor Hargobind khorana
He got the Nobel prize in the field of psychology or Medicine in 1968. He got the Nobel Prize for his interpretation of the genetic code in protein. At that time it was a great discovery for the world. He was born in Punjab but when he got the Nobel Prize he was a citizen of the United States.
He got the Nobel Prize in the field of Physics in 1983. He got the Nobel Prize for his Discovery of theoretical Study of the physical process of importance to the structure and evolution of the stars. Chandrasekhar born in India But when he got the Nobel Prize he was a citizen of the United States.
Venkatraman Rama Krishnan
He got the Nobel Prize in 2009. Rama Krishna got the Nobel Prize in chemistry to discover the structure and function of the ribosome, macromolecular Crystallography. He was a citizen of India born in Tamil Nadu but when Rama Krishna got the Nobel Prize was a citizen of both the United States and the United Kingdom.
Abhijit Banerjee got the Nobel Prize in the field of economic science in 2019. He got the Nobel Prize for the experimental approach to alleviating global property. He born in India But when he got the Nobel Prize he was a citizen of the United States.
Youngest and eldest Nobel Prize winner in the history
Youngest Nobel Prize winner
Malala yousafzai is the youngest Nobel Prize winner in history. She got the Nobel prize In 2014 in the field of peace. She is a citizen of Pakistan.
Eldest Nobel Prize winner
John B. Good enough is the eldest Nobel Prize, winner. He got the Nobel Prize in the field of chemistry in 2019.
Nobel Prize winners more than one time
He got the Nobel Prize in physics two times. fast he got the Nobel Prize 1956 and secondly in 1972
Madame Curie got the Nobel Prize in the field of physics and chemistry. She got the Nobel Prize in physics in 1903. After getting the Nobel Prize in physics she also awards by Nobel Prize in 1911 in the field of chemistry.
He got the Nobel Prize in the field of chemistry and peace. First, he got the Nobel Prize in chemistry in 1954 secondly he got the Nobel Prize in the field of peace in 1962.
He got the Nobel Prize two time in the field of chemistry. He got the prize both of the time in chemistry in 1958 and 1980.
ICRC Is stand for the international committee of the Red Cross. The Red Cross won the Nobel Prize three times in the field of peace. It is an organization that works over the world. Red Cross got the Nobel Prize in the field of peace no 1917, 1944 and 196.
UNHCR stands for United Nations High Commissioner for refugees. The organization is a part of the United Nations. The organization works All over the world to protect the refugees. Even UNHCR got the Nobel Prize in the field of peace in 1954 and 1981.
Nobel prize winner declines the prizes
In the whole history, two time Nobel Prize winners are declared to receive the award.
Jane Paul Sartre
He was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1964 in the field of literature. He declined the Nobel Prize because He has declined all the officer’s honour offered to him.
Le Duc Tho
He was a citizen of Vietnam. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1973 in the field of peace join to United States Secretary of State Henry Kissinger. They got the Nobel Prize for negotiating in the Vietnam peace accord. But the le Duc tho Has declined the Nobel Prize because He thinks that it is not enough for peace in Vietnam.
It is all about the Nobel Prize, Nobel Prize winner of India, Nobel Prize winner by the citizen of India, Nobel Prize-winning by the resident of India, Nobel Prize won by the winners who born in India, how the Nobel laureate is selected, what is the story behind the Nobel Prize, which committees selectees the winners, Why Norway give the Peace Prize only, where and when the Nobel Prize ceremony is observed. We covered all the dimension of the Nobel Prize.
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