In this article, we will discuss all tangible and intangible world heritage site in India
UNESCO-United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.
So UNESCO promotes and saves education, science and culture. So UNESCO works to save the world heritage site of the world, to save the culture of a society.
Benefits of “world heritage status” are-
It gives a new identity the world over. The status says about the place that the site has an outstanding and exceptional feature in the world.
Funding- the site gets funds from global, state and central body for its protection and conservation.
Tourism- the site has a status of a world heritage site that gets international attention. So the tourism increases. It will benefit the nation.
Protection during wartime- According to the geneva convention, the world heritage site becomes protected against destruction and misuse during War.
According to UNESCO world heritage site of two types.
1-Tangible World Heritage
2-Intangible World Heritage
Tangible World Heritage site in India
The site must represent the genius creativity of humans. The site must be an outstanding example of a building, architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which have a significant stage in human history.
There is 38 tangible world heritage site in India. These include 30 cultural sites, 7 natural sites and 1mixed-criteria site. That is Kanchenjunga.
Now we will discuss all the 38 tangible world heritage site in India.
|Sl No-||World Heritage Site In India||State||UNESCO date of notification|
|3||Agra Fort||Uttar Pradesh||1983|
|4||Taj Mahal||Uttar Pradesh||1993|
|6||Group Of Monumenents In Mahabalipuram||Mahabali Puram, Tamilnadu||1984|
|7||Kaziranga National Prak||Assam||1985|
|8||Manas Wildlife Century||Assam||1985|
|9||Keoladeo National Park||Rajasthan||1985|
|10||Churches And Convents Of Goa.||Velha, Goa||1986|
|11||Khajuraho Group Of Monuments||Madhya Pradesh||1986|
|12||Group Of Monuments At Hampi||Ballari District, Karnataka||1986|
|13||Fathehpur Sikri||Uttar Predesh||1986|
|14||Group Of Monument At Pattadakal||Bagalkot, Karnataka||1987|
|16||Great Leaving Chola Temples||Tamil Nadu||1987|
|17||Sundarbans National Park||West Bengal||1987|
|18||Nanda Devi And Valley Of Flowers National Parks||Uttarkhand||1988,2005|
|19||Buddhist Monuments At Sanchi||Madhya Pradesh||1989|
|21||Qutb Minar And Its Monuments||Delhi||1993|
Mountain Railways Of India
|Darjeeling, West Bengal||1999|
|Nilgiri Mountain, Ooty, Tamil Nadu||2005|
|Kalka-Shimla Railway, Himachal Pradesh||2008|
|24||Rock Shelters Of Bhimbetka||Madhya Pradesh India||2003|
|25||Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminal(Victoria Torminal)||Maharashtra||2004|
|26||Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park||Gujarat||2004|
|27||Red Fort Complex||Delhi||2007|
|28||The Jantra Mantar, Jaipur||Jaipur, Rajasthan||2010|
|29||Western Ghats||South-West India||2012|
Hill Fort Of Rajasthan
|31||Rani Ki Vav (The Queen,S Stepwell)||Patan, Gujarat||2014|
|32||Great Himalayan National Park||Himachl Pradesh||2014|
|33||Archeological Site Of Nalanda Mahavihara At Nalanda, Bihar||Bihar||2016|
|34||Khangchendzonga National Park||Sikkim||2016|
|35||The Architectural Work Of Le Corbusier||Chandigarh||2017|
|36||Historic City Of Ahmedabad||Ahmedabad, Gujarat||2017|
|37||The Victorian And Art Deco Ensemble Of Mumbai||Maharashtra||2018|
Intangible World Heritage
It is in the abstract form not in physical form. It is a cultural heritage of human or a society. India has 13 intangible or cultural heritages.
We will discuss all 13 cultural heritage of India.
1-Vedic Chanting-(Rigveda, Samveda, Yadurveda, Atharvaveda)
2-Yoga- in 21st march whole world celebrate the Yoga day, it declared in 2016
3-Nawrouz- it is the new Persian new year or the Indian new year. Usually, it occurs on march 21 or the previous or the following day.
4-Buddhist chanting of Ladakh.
5-Traditional brass and copper craft of utensil making in Panjab
6-Kalbelia folk dance of Rajasthan
7-Kumbh Mela– Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh. It is the latest intangible cultural element, declared in 2017.
Kumbh Mela world heritage site in India
8-Kutiyattam, Sanskrit theatre in Kerala
9-Mudivettu- it is a ritual theatre and dance drama of Kerala
10-Chhau dance- it is of three types named by its location. They are Parulia Chhau of west Bengal, Mayurbhanj Chhau of odisha, seraikella Chhau of Jharkhand.
11- Sankirtana of Manipur
12-Ramlila- the traditional performance of the Ramayana in Uttar Pradesh
13-Ramman- it is a religious festival and ritual theatre of the Garwal Himalayas.
It is all about the world heritage site in india. If you have any question, the suggestion or feedback then you can comment below.